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Lindenia - Iconographie des Orchidees  Vol. 6

Fascination with orchids started in Europe around 1818. People became so taken with orchids that they reached a state popularly described as an orchidelirium. The demand for these exotic beauties was so great that orchids became a big business. The wealthy commissioned professional plant explorers (Orchid Hunters) to gather plants from equatorial regions around the world.

Please click on the thumbnail at the bottom of the page to see the original prints which appeared in Volume six of the second series in 1900.


During the second half of the nineteenth century, Belgium became the center of the world for the cultivation of orchids. Jean Linden (1817-1898) was instrumental in the discovery and introduction of many new species. A native of Luxembourg, he moved to Belgium where he imported more than 1,100 different orchids. His explorations included trips to South America, Cuba, Mexico and the United States. With his son Lucien he founded a nursery known as Horticulture Internationale in Brussels. Together they published "Lindenia - Iconographie des Orchidees" an extensive work issued in monthly parts by subscription over a period of 17 years.


Lindenia Iconographie des Orchidées is one of the most important periodic publications on orchids to be published during the nineteenth century, with coloured plates of the highest quality.




Jean Linden was perhaps the greatest of all the late 19th century commercial orchid growers, and, in conjunction with his son Lucien (1853-1940), he was responsible for importing more than 1100 different species to Europe. Born in Luxemburg in 1817, Jean Linden was one of the first students to attend the Faculty of Sciences in the newly established University of Brussels and at the early age of 19 was entrusted with a scientific mission to South America by the Belgian government. This was the start of what was to be a ten-year period when he traveled throughout South and Central America in search of new orchid species. He returned to Europe in October 1845 and initially established himself as a nurseryman in Ghent before moving to Brussels 'where he founded the establishment known as Horticulture Internationale in conjunction with his son Lucien. In this nursery, which became a model for the profession, Linden's knowledge of plants and the localities in which they grew naturally proved invaluable. Direct competition with Messrs. Sander in England kept him alert in the search for new and desirable species, resulting in the exploration of many far-flung regions where orchids might be found.' (Reinikka 'A History of the Orchid', 1995, p. 206). The present work, as the name suggests, is in essence a celebration of his professional life and work and recognizes the enormous influence he had on both the discovery of new species and the breeding of new hybrids.


Each of the orchid species or hybrids are represented by a very high quality full-colour chromolithograph. The plates are printed by some of the best botanical lithographers of the period including Severeyns and de Pannemaeker from the work of Alfred Goosens and other top botanical artists. The present set is volume six of the second series. The periodical was eventually completed in 17 volumes in 1903 with 813 plates over a period of 17 years.


Nissen BBI 2348; Stafleu & Cowan TL2 4628; Timby The Orchid Observed, Stanford, 1982, number 27.

These web images are electronically watermarked, the prints themselves are not.
721721c.jpg (72342 bytes) CDDXXI CATTLEYA  X  ELISABETHAE L. LIND.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
722722.jpg (72592 bytes) DCCXXII ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LINDL. Var. AURIFERUM L. LIND.
723723.jpg (60831 bytes) DCCXXIII LAELIOCATTLEYA  X  ALBERTI L. LIND.
724724.jpg (66715 bytes) DCCXXIV CYPRIPEDIUM  X  DRAPSIANUM L. LIND
725725.jpg (53050 bytes) DCCXXV CATTLEYA  X  LANSEBERGEI L. LIND.
726726.jpg (74077 bytes) DCCXXVI CHYSIS LAEVIS LINDL.
727727.jpg (51874 bytes) DCCXXVII CYPRIPEDIUM  X  LANSBERGEAE L. LIND.
728728.jpg (69751 bytes) DCCXXVIII SCHOMBURGKIA HUMBOLDTI RCHB. F.
729729.jpg (59323 bytes) DCCXXIX GALEANDRA BATEMANI ROLFE
730730.jpg (70824 bytes) DCCXXX DENDROBIUM HOOKERIANUM LINDL.
731731.jpg (63298 bytes) DCCXXXI ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LINDL. Var. QUO VADIS L. LIND.
732732.jpg (61638 bytes) DCCXXXII CYPRIPEDIUM  X  LATHAMIANUM RCHB. F. var. LATISSIMUM HORT.
733733.jpg (52759 bytes) DCCXXXIII CATTLEYA MOSSIAE HOOK. Var. MADAME LUCIEN LINDEN HORT. WAVR.
734734.jpg (61581 bytes) DCCXXXIV CYPRIPEDIUM  X  ALBERTIANUM HORT.  Var. ROTUNDIFLORUM HORT.
735735.jpg (51910 bytes) DCCXXXV COELOGYNE BARBATA GRIFF.
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PHALAENOPSIS AMABILIS BL. Var. RIMESTADIANA L. LIND. The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
738738.jpg (63085 bytes) DCCXXXVIII CYPRIPEDIUM INSIGNE WALL. Var. CHANTINI RAFAR. Sub-var. LINDENI GRIGN.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
739739.jpg (82365 bytes) DCCXXXIX ERIOPSIS RUTIDOBULBON HOOK.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
740740.jpg (55676 bytes) DCCXL

 

SOBRALIA  X  VEITCHI HORT.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
741741.jpg (66039 bytes) DCCXLI ZYGOPETALUM  X  CLAYI RCHB. F.
742742.jpg (65212 bytes) DCCXLII LAELIA LINDLEYANA VEITCH
743743.jpg (65748 bytes) DCCXLIII ONCIDIUM STELLIGERUM RCHB. F. var. ERNESTI WILL.
744744.jpg (69360 bytes) DCCXLIV ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  BRAECKMANI HORT.
745745.jpg (58715 bytes) DCCXLV ZYGOPETALUM BURTI BENTH. Var. WALLISI VEITCH
746746.jpg (52647 bytes) DCCXLVI CYPRIPEDIUM EXUL O'BR. Var. AURANTIACUM L. LIND.
747747.jpg (64833 bytes) DCCXLVII ONCIDIUM TIGRINUM LL. Et LEX. Var. SPLENDIDUM HOOK. F.
748748.jpg (53283 bytes) DCCXLVIII TRICHOCENTRUM ALBO-PURPUREUM LIND. Et RCHB. F.
749749.jpg (62643 bytes) DCCXLIX CATTLEYA  X  CALUMMATA BLEU var. GRIGNANI L. LIND.
750750.jpg (47523 bytes) DCCL LAELIOCATTLEYA  X  PRINGIERSI L. LIND.
751751.jpg (88279 bytes) DCCLI CYPRIPEDIUM  X  BRUXELLENSE L. LIND.
752752.jpg (61893 bytes) DCCLII ONCIDIUM VARICOSUM LDL. Var. LINDENI HORT.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
753753.jpg (71601 bytes) DCCLIII CYPRIPEDIUM  X  GLONERIANUM L. LIND.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
754754.jpg (67030 bytes) DCCLIV LAELIOCATTLEYA  X  ALESCHIANA L. LIND.
755755.jpg (72113 bytes) DCCLV LYCASTE DEPPEI LINDL. Var. PUNCTATISSIMA RCHB. F.
756756.jpg (67639 bytes) DCCLVI SARCOCHILUS UNGUICULATUS LINDL.
757757.jpg (66884 bytes) DCCLVII VANDA TERES LINDL. Var. CANDIDA RCHB. F.
758758.jpg (76620 bytes) DCCLVIII ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LINDL. Var. LA VEINE L. LIND.
759759.jpg (78266 bytes) DCCLIX CALANTHE  X  MYLESI WILL.
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CYMBIDIUM TIGRINUM PARISH  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
761761.jpg (60823 bytes) DCCLXI CATTLEYA  X  CLYMENE L. LIND.
762762.jpg (95457 bytes) DCCLXII VANDA PARISHI RCHB. F.
763763.jpg (99355 bytes) DCCLXIII RENANTHERA MATUTINA LINDL.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
764764.jpg (78956 bytes) DCCLXIV CATTLEYA  X  MEMORIA BLEUI L. LIND. The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
765765.jpg (70813 bytes) DCCLXV CYPRIPEDIUM  X  STEPMANIAE L. LIND. The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
766766.jpg (74129 bytes) DCCLXVI CATTLEYA LABIATA LINDL. VAR. PERFECTA L. LIND.
767767.jpg (73820 bytes) DCCLXVII ONCIDIUM VARICOSUM LINDL. Var. MOORTEBEEKIENSE L. LIND.
768768.jpg (75546 bytes) DCCLXVIII DENDROBIUM PHALAENOPSIS FITZGERALD var. LINDENIAE HORT.
 

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