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Lindenia - Iconographie des Orchidees  Vol. 5

Fascination with orchids started in Europe around 1818. People became so taken with orchids that they reached a state popularly described as an orchidelirium. The demand for these exotic beauties was so great that orchids became a big business. The wealthy commissioned professional plant explorers (Orchid Hunters) to gather plants from equatorial regions around the world.

Please click on the thumbnail at the bottom of the page to see the original prints which appeared in Volume five of the second series in 1899.


During the second half of the nineteenth century, Belgium became the center of the world for the cultivation of orchids. Jean Linden (1817-1898) was instrumental in the discovery and introduction of many new species. A native of Luxembourg, he moved to Belgium where he imported more than 1,100 different orchids. His explorations included trips to South America, Cuba, Mexico and the United States. With his son Lucien he founded a nursery known as Horticulture Internationale in Brussels. Together they published "Lindenia - Iconographie des Orchidees" an extensive work issued in monthly parts by subscription over a period of 17 years.


Lindenia Iconographie des Orchidées is one of the most important periodic publications on orchids to be published during the nineteenth century, with coloured plates of the highest quality.




Jean Linden was perhaps the greatest of all the late 19th century commercial orchid growers, and, in conjunction with his son Lucien (1853-1940), he was responsible for importing more than 1100 different species to Europe. Born in Luxemburg in 1817, Jean Linden was one of the first students to attend the Faculty of Sciences in the newly established University of Brussels and at the early age of 19 was entrusted with a scientific mission to South America by the Belgian government. This was the start of what was to be a ten-year period when he traveled throughout South and Central America in search of new orchid species. He returned to Europe in October 1845 and initially established himself as a nurseryman in Ghent before moving to Brussels 'where he founded the establishment known as Horticulture Internationale in conjunction with his son Lucien. In this nursery, which became a model for the profession, Linden's knowledge of plants and the localities in which they grew naturally proved invaluable. Direct competition with Messrs. Sander in England kept him alert in the search for new and desirable species, resulting in the exploration of many far-flung regions where orchids might be found.' (Reinikka 'A History of the Orchid', 1995, p. 206). The present work, as the name suggests, is in essence a celebration of his professional life and work and recognizes the enormous influence he had on both the discovery of new species and the breeding of new hybrids.


Each of the orchid species or hybrids are represented by a very high quality full-colour chromolithograph. The plates are printed by some of the best botanical lithographers of the period including Severeyns and de Pannemaeker from the work of Alfred Goosens and other top botanical artists. The present set is volume five of the second series. The periodical was eventually completed in 17 volumes in 1903 with 813 plates over a period of 17 years.


Nissen BBI 2348; Stafleu & Cowan TL2 4628; Timby The Orchid Observed, Stanford, 1982, number 27.

These web images are electronically watermarked, the prints themselves are not.

 
673 DCLXXIII673.jpg (49615 bytes) COMPARETTIA SPECIOSA RCHB. F. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
674 DCLXXIV674.jpg (64269 bytes) CYPRIPEDIUM ARGUS RCHB. F. var. NIGRICANS HORT.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
675 DCLXXV675.jpg (45429 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. ROSETTE L. LIND.
676 DCLXXVI676.jpg (68145 bytes) ARACHNANTHE CATHCARTI BENTH.
677 DCLXXVII677.jpg (68452 bytes) CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. VARIETATES
678 DCLXXVII678.jpg (54542 bytes) SOBRALIA XANTHOLEUCA HORT.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
679 DCLXXIX679.jpg (71175 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM ASPERSUM RCHB. F.var. BOSSCHEREANUM L. LIND. The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
680

 

DCLXXX680.jpg (62356 bytes) PERISTERIA ELATA HOOK.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
681 DCLXXXI681.jpg (54962 bytes) EPIDENDRUM ELEGANS RCHB. F.
682 DCLXXXII682.jpg (51942 bytes) CATTLEYA LODDIGESI LINDL. Var. HARRISONIAE VEITCH sub-var. ALBA L. LIND.
683 DCLXXXIII683.jpg (44986 bytes) LAELIA RUBESCENS LINDL.
684 DCLXXXIV684.jpg (53324 bytes) CATTLEYA LABIATA LINDL. Var. ALFREDIANA L. LIND.
685 DCLXXXV685.jpg (64716 bytes) MILTONIA CANDIDA LINDL.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
686 DCLXXXVI686.jpg (69058 bytes) DENDROBIUM PRIMULINUM LINDL.
687 DCLXXXVII687.jpg (66739 bytes) COELOGYNE DAYANA RCHB. F.
688 DCLXXXVIII688.jpg (52975 bytes) CATTLEYA DOWIANA BATEM. Var. MOORTEBEEKIENSIS L. LIND.
689 DCLXXXIX689.jpg (46854 bytes) CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. Var. MAJESTICA L. LIND.
690 DCXC  690.jpg (62787 bytes) VANDA AMESIANA RCHB. F.
691 DCXCI

691.jpg (66395 bytes)

RHYNCHOSTYLIS RETUSA BLUME
692 DCXCII692.jpg (61653 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. PAPILLON L. LIND.
693 DCXCIII693.jpg (57322 bytes) CYPRIPEDIUM  X  GERTRUDE HOLLINGTON HORT. Var. ILLUSTRE HORT.
694 DCXCIV694.jpg (65125 bytes) SOPHRONITIS VIOLACEA LINDL.
695 DCXCV695.jpg (91175 bytes) ACINETA HUMBOLDTI LINDL.
696 DCXCVI696.jpg (54400 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. PRIMATUM L. LIND.
697 DCXCVII697.jpg (50314 bytes) CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. VAR. REGINAE L. LIND.
698 DCXCVIII698.jpg (59215 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM   X  ADRIANAE L. LIND. Var. DECORUM L. LIND.
699 DCXCIX699.jpg (58858 bytes) EPIDENDRUM DICHROMUM LDL. Var. AMABILE BATEM.
700 DCC

700.jpg (82218 bytes)

CYMBIDIUM GIGANTEUM WALL.
701 DCCI

701.jpg (48979 bytes)

CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. Var. EXCELSIOR L. LIND.
702 DCCII

702.jpg (74820 bytes)

ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  ADRIANAE L. LIND. Var. ARGUS L. LIND.
703 DCCIII

703.jpg (56481 bytes)

DENDROBIUM CRASSINODE RCHB. F. var. ALBIFLORUM BENS. Et RCHB. F.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
704 DCCIV

704.jpg (80954 bytes)

ONCIDIUM HAEMATOCHILUM LINDL.
705 DCCV  705.jpg (62528 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LINDL. Var. BETHUNEANUM L. LIND.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
706 DCCVI

706.jpg (72399 bytes)

AERIDES MULTIFLORUM ROXB. Var. LOBBI VEITCH
707 DCCVII707.jpg (70702 bytes) MILTONIA VEXILLARIA BENTH. Var. CHELSONENSIS HORT.
708 DCCVIII708.jpg (44985 bytes) CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. Var. RIMESTADIANA L. LIND.
709 DCCIX

709.jpg (64729 bytes)

LAELIA SUPERBIENS LINDL.
710 DCCX  710.jpg (69091 bytes) CATTLEYA GRANULOSA LINDL. Var. SOUVENIR DE RAYMOND STORMS WAVR.
711 DCCXI

711.jpg (60867 bytes)

STAUROPSIS FASCIATA BENTH.
712 DCCXII712.jpg (76347 bytes) MILTONIA VEXILLARIA BENTH. Var. LINDENIAE L. LIND.
713 DCCXIII713.jpg (65942 bytes) LAELIA GRANDIS LINDL. Var. TENEBROSA HORT. Sub-var. LINDENI HORT. The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
714 DCCXIV714.jpg (69441 bytes) MILTONIA CUNEATA LINDL.
715 DCCXV715.jpg (65122 bytes) CYPRIPEDIUM  X  BORCHGRAVEANUM L. LIND.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
716 DCCXVI716.jpg (58132 bytes) CATTLEYA GASKELLIANA LINDL. Var. REINE DES BELGES L. LIND.
717 DCCXVII717.jpg (59696 bytes) CYMBIDIUM PARISHI RCHB. F.
718 DCCXVIII718.jpg (64632 bytes) SOBRALIA XANTHOLEUCA HORT. Var. ALBA HORT.
719 DCCXIX719.jpg (51329 bytes) LAELIA GRANDIS LINDL. Var. PELARGONIIFLORA L. LIND.
720 DCCXX720.jpg (69513 bytes) CATTLEYA GASKELLIANA RCHB. F. var. AMABILIS L. LIND.

 

 

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