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Lindenia - Iconographie des Orchidees  Vol. 2

Fascination with orchids started in Europe around 1818. People became so taken with orchids that they reached a state popularly described as an orchidelirium. The demand for these exotic beauties was so great that orchids became a big business. The wealthy commissioned professional plant explorers (Orchid Hunters) to gather plants from equatorial regions around the world.

Please click on the thumbnail at the bottom of the page to see the original prints which appeared in Volume two of the second series in 1896.


During the second half of the nineteenth century, Belgium became the center of the world for the cultivation of orchids. Jean Linden (1817-1898) was instrumental in the discovery and introduction of many new species. A native of Luxembourg, he moved to Belgium where he imported more than 1,100 different orchids. His explorations included trips to South America, Cuba, Mexico and the United States. With his son Lucien he founded a nursery known as Horticulture Internationale in Brussels. Together they published "Lindenia - Iconographie des Orchidees" an extensive work issued in monthly parts by subscription over a period of 17 years.


Lindenia Iconographie des Orchidées is one of the most important periodic publications on orchids to be published during the nineteenth century, with coloured plates of the highest quality.



Jean Linden was perhaps the greatest of all the late 19th century commercial orchid growers, and, in conjunction with his son Lucien (1853-1940), he was responsible for importing more than 1100 different species to Europe. Born in Luxemburg in 1817, Jean Linden was one of the first students to attend the Faculty of Sciences in the newly established University of Brussels and at the early age of 19 was entrusted with a scientific mission to South America by the Belgian government. This was the start of what was to be a ten-year period when he travelled throughout South and Central America in search of new orchid species. He returned to Europe in October 1845 and initially established himself as a nurseryman in Ghent before moving to Brussels 'where he founded the establishment known as Horticulture Internationale in conjunction with his son Lucien. In this nursery, which became a model for the profession, Linden's knowledge of plants and the localities in which they grew naturally proved invaluable. Direct competition with Messrs. Sander in England kept him alert in the search for new and desirable species, resulting in the exploration of many far-flung regions where orchids might be found.' (Reinikka 'A History of the Orchid', 1995, p. 206). The present work, as the name suggests, is in essence a celebration of his professional life and work and recognizes the enormous influence he had on both the discovery of new species and the breeding of new hybrids.


Each of the orchid species or hybrids are represented by a very high quality full-colour chromolithograph. The plates are printed by some of the best botanical lithographers of the period including Severeyns and de Pannemaeker from the work of Alfred Goosens and other top botanical artists. The present set is volume two of the second series. The periodical was eventually completed in 17 volumes in 1903 with 813 plates over a period of 17 years.


Nissen BBI 2348; Stafleu & Cowan TL2 4628; Timby The Orchid Observed, Stanford, 1982, number 27.

These web images are electronically watermarked, the prints themselves are not.
529 DXXIX529.jpg (68613 bytes) CYPRIPEDIUM  X  LEBAUDYANUM HORT.
530-531 DXXX-DXXI530-531.jpg (87546 bytes) CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. VARIETATES  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
532 DXXXII532.jpg (62831 bytes) COELOGYNE LURIDA L. LIND. Et COGN.
533 DXXXIII533.jpg (60647 bytes) LAELIA HARPOPHYLLA RCHB. F.
534 DXXXIV534.jpg (68499 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM ROSSI LINDL. Var. PAUWELSIAE L. LIND.
535 DXXXV535.jpg (66260 bytes) LAELIOCATTLEYA  X  WARGNYANA L. LIND.
536 DXXXVI536.jpg (75683 bytes) ACANTHEPHIPPIUM MANTINIANUM L. LIND. Et COGN. The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
537 DXXXVII537.jpg (60504 bytes) SELENIPEDIUM CAUDATUM RCHB. F. var. WALLISI sub-var. VANDERSTRAETENIAE
538 DXXXVIII538.jpg (57193 bytes) AERIDES FIELDINGI HORT. Var. ALBUM L. LIND.
539 DXXXIX539.jpg (57296 bytes) CATTLEYA  X  MATHONIAE L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
540 DXL540.jpg (58732 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  TROYANOFSKYANUM L. LIND.
541 DXLI541.jpg (72657 bytes) CYPRIPEDIUM  X  MORGANIAE HORT. Var. BURFORDIENSE HORT.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
542 DXLII542.jpg (63377 bytes) ONCIDIUM LURIDUM LINDL.
543 DXLIII543.jpg (65659 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM MACULATUM LLAVE
544 DXLIV544.jpg (63534 bytes) CATTLEYA MOSSIAE HOOK. VARIETATES
545 DXLV

545.jpg (68195 bytes)

ODONTOGLOSSUM HUNNEWELLIANUM RCHB. F. var. GRANDIFLORUM LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
546 DXLVI546.jpg (70569 bytes) CYPRIPEDIUM LAWRENCEANUM RCHB. F. var. VIRIDE L. LIND.
547 DXLVII547.jpg (67509 bytes) VANDA SANDERIANA RCHB. F.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
548 DXLVIII548.jpg (69096 bytes) COELOGYNE MASSANGEANA RCHB. F.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
549 DIXL

549.jpg (63096 bytes)

CYPRIPEDIUM  X  MASSAIANUM WEATHERS The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
550-551 DL-DLI550-551.jpg (89807 bytes) CATTLEYA LABIATA LDL. VARIETATES
552 DLII552.jpg (88172 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. SPECTABILE LIND.  
553 DLIII553.jpg (63641 bytes) ONCIDIUM PHALAENOPSIS LIND. Et RCHB. F. var. EXCELLENS L. LIND.
554 DLIV554.jpg (68587 bytes)

 

CATTLEYA  X  LE CZAR L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
555 DLV555.jpg (63818 bytes) CATASETUM  X SPLENDENS COGN. Var. RUBIGINOSUM L. LIND.
556 DLVI556.jpg (53921 bytes) CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. Var. EXORNATA LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
557 DLVII557.jpg (49512 bytes) MASDEVALLIA  X  HENRIETTAE KRANZL.
558 DLVIII558.jpg (69779 bytes) CATTLEYA MAXIMA LDL. Var. VIRGINALIS L. LIND.
559 DLIX559.jpg (63222 bytes) CYPRIPEDIUM VICTORIAE MARIAE HORT.
560 DLX560.jpg (85534 bytes) CATTLEYA LABIATA LINDL. Var. SUPERBA L. LIND.
561 DLXI561.jpg (60360 bytes) PHAIUS  X  MARTHAE HORT.
562 DLXII562.jpg (63497 bytes) COCHLIODA MINIATA L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
563 DLXIII563.jpg (69148 bytes) CYPRIPEDIUM INSIGNE WALL. VARIETATES NOVAE
564 DLXIV564.jpg (71728 bytes) CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. Var. DELICIOSA L. LIND.
565 DLXV565.jpg (75955 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LINDL. Var. KEGELJANI L. LIND.
566

 

DLXVI566.jpg (73402 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LINDL. Var. AMI CHARLES L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
567 DLXVII567.jpg (77258 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LINDL. Var. LINDENI HORT.
568 DLXVIII568.jpg (81297 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LIDNL. Var. LUCIANI HORT.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
569 DLXIX569.jpg (74693 bytes) ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  CIRRHO-HALLI L. LIND.
570 DLXX570.jpg (51458 bytes) CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. Var. EMINENS L. LIND.
571 DLXXI571.jpg (71613 bytes) CYPRIPEDIUM  X  PAULI HORT.
572 DLXXII572.jpg (83258 bytes) CYMBIDIUM LOWIANUM RCHB. F. var. FLAVEOLUM LIND
573 DLXXIII573.jpg (71123 bytes) SCHOMBURGKIA TIBICINIS BATEM.
574 DLXXIV574.jpg (66541 bytes) DENDROBIUM SUAVISSIMUM RCHB. F.
575 DLXXV575.jpg (79896 bytes)

 

CYPRIPEDIUM LAWRENCEANUM RCHB. F. var. TRIEUANUM L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
576 DLXXVI576.jpg (76805 bytes) MILTONIA VEXILLARIA BENTH. Var. VITTATA L. LIND.

 

 

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