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Lindenia - Iconographie des Orchidees  Vol. 1

Fascination with orchids started in Europe around 1818. People became so taken with orchids that they reached a state popularly described as an orchidelirium. The demand for these exotic beauties was so great that orchids became a big business. The wealthy commissioned professional plant explorers (Orchid Hunters) to gather plants from equatorial regions around the world.

Please click on the thumbnail at the bottom of the page to see the original prints which appeared in Volume one of the second series in 1895.


During the second half of the nineteenth century, Belgium became the center of the world for the cultivation of orchids. Jean Linden (1817-1898) was instrumental in the discovery and introduction of many new species. A native of Luxembourg, he moved to Belgium where he imported more than 1,100 different orchids. His explorations included trips to South America, Cuba, Mexico and the United States. With his son Lucien he founded a nursery known as Horticulture Internationale in Brussels. Together they published "Lindenia - Iconographie des Orchidees" an extensive work issued in monthly parts by subscription over a period of 17 years.


Lindenia Iconographie des Orchidées is one of the most important periodic publications on orchids to be published during the nineteenth century, with coloured plates of the highest quality.



Jean Linden was perhaps the greatest of all the late 19th century commercial orchid growers, and, in conjunction with his son Lucien (1853-1940), he was responsible for importing more than 1100 different species to Europe. Born in Luxemburg in 1817, Jean Linden was one of the first students to attend the Faculty of Sciences in the newly established University of Brussels and at the early age of 19 was entrusted with a scientific mission to South America by the Belgian government. This was the start of what was to be a ten-year period when he travelled throughout South and Central America in search of new orchid species. He returned to Europe in October 1845 and initially established himself as a nurseryman in Ghent before moving to Brussels 'where he founded the establishment known as Horticulture Internationale in conjunction with his son Lucien. In this nursery, which became a model for the profession, Linden's knowledge of plants and the localities in which they grew naturally proved invaluable. Direct competition with Messrs. Sander in England kept him alert in the search for new and desirable species, resulting in the exploration of many far-flung regions where orchids might be found.' (Reinikka 'A History of the Orchid', 1995, p. 206). The present work, as the name suggests, is in essence a celebration of his professional life and work and recognizes the enormous influence he had on both the discovery of new species and the breeding of new hybrids.


Each of the orchid species or hybrids are represented by a very high quality full-colour chromolithograph. The plates are printed by some of the best botanical lithographers of the period including Severeyns and de Pannemaeker from the work of Alfred Goosens and other top botanical artists. The present set is volume one of the second series. The periodical was eventually completed in 17 volumes in 1903 with 813 plates over a period of 17 years.


Nissen BBI 2348; Stafleu & Cowan TL2 4628; Timby The Orchid Observed, Stanford, 1982, number 27.

Please click on the name of the orchids to see the original prints which appeared in Volume one of the second series in 1895.

These web images are electronically watermarked, the prints themselves are not.


          481.jpg (35694 bytes)481  CDLXXXI CATTLEYA MOSSIAE HOOK. Var. REINECKEANA HORT. Subvar. EXQUISITA HORT. CATTLEYA MOSSIAE HOOK. Var. ALBA HORT subvar. COELESTIS HORT   The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
482-483.jpg (57097 bytes)482-483   CDLXXXII CATTLEYA MOSSIAE HOOK. VARIETATES  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
484.jpg (32128 bytes)484 CDLXXIV CATTLEYA MOSSIAE HOOK. Var. LINDEN'S CHAMPION HORT.
485.jpg (41337 bytes)485 CDLXXXV SACCOLABIUM AMPULLACEUM LINDL.
486.jpg (38161 bytes)486 CDLXXXVI EULOPHIA CONGOENSIS COGN.
487.jpg (42811 bytes)487 CDLXXXVII CATASETUM STUPENDUM COGN.
488.jpg (38595 bytes)488 CDLXXXVIII VANDA PARISHI RCHB. F. var. MARRIOTTIANA RCHB. F.
489.jpg (42395 bytes)489 CDLXXXIX LAELIOCATTLEYA   X  SCHULZIANA L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
490.jpg (35917 bytes)490 CDXC CATTLEYA SKINNERI LINDL. Var. OCULATA HORT. The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
491.jpg (37446 bytes)491   CDXCI VANDA SPATHULATA SPRENG.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
492.jpg (33512 bytes)492 CDXCII ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LIND. Var. LUTEO-RADIATUM HORT.
493.jpg (40620 bytes)493 CDXCIII RHYNCHOSTYLIS RETUSA BLUME
494.jpg (31556 bytes)494  

 

CDXCIV CATTLEYA ALICIAE L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
495.jpg (46338 bytes)495 CDXCV BULBOPHYLLUM CARINATUM COGN.
496.jpg (37398 bytes)496 CDXCVI CATASETUM PUNCTATUM ROLFE
497.jpg (31715 bytes)497 CDXCVII CYPRIPEDIUM  X  AYLINGI CASTLE STAND HALL var. CYPRIPEDIUM  X  EVENOR HORT var. GRANDIFLORUM  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
498.jpg (29272 bytes)498 CDXCVIII ONCIDIUM ONUSTUM LINDL.
499.jpg (50968 bytes)499 CDXCIX CATASETUM FIMBRIATUM LINDL. Var. COGNIAUXI L. LIND. The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
500.jpg (59055 bytes)500 D STAUROPSIS LISSOCHILOIDES PFITZ.  
501.jpg (33992 bytes)501   DI LAELIA AUTUMNALIS LINDL. Var.  ALBA HORT The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
            502-503.jpg (69685 bytes)502-503 DII CATASETUM SPECIES et var. NOVAE
504.jpg (44593 bytes)504

 

DIV CYPRIPEDIUM  X  LAWRENCEO-REGNIERI BLEU  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
505.jpg (34246 bytes)505 DV CYPRIPEDIUM INSIGNE WALLICH var. LUCIANI EM. ROD.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
                              506-507.jpg (47808 bytes)506-507   DVI CATTLEYA MAXIMA LDL. Var. FLORIBUNDA L. LIND.
508.jpg (43041 bytes)508 DVIII GONGORA PORTEN TOSA LIND. Et RCHB. F. var. ROSEA COGN.
509.jpg (38447 bytes)509 DIX CATTLEYA  X  MANTINII G. MANTIN
510-511.jpg (66269 bytes)510-511 DX CYPRIPEDIUM INSIGNE WALLICH var. MONTANUM  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
512.jpg (41742 bytes)512 DXII ONCIDIUM VARICOSUM LDL. Var. ROGERSII RCHB. F.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
513.jpg (47405 bytes)513 DXIII DENDROBIUM ATROVIOLACEUM ROLFE
514.jpg (51979 bytes)514 DXIV CYMBIDIUM TRACYANUM HORT. The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
                                   515-516.jpg (66801 bytes)515-516 DXV CYPRIPEDIUM  X  LEEANUM VEITCH VARIETATES
517.jpg (41253 bytes)517 DXVII ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  RUBIGINOSUM L. LIND.
518.jpg (44252 bytes)518 DXVIII ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. CALOS L. LIND.
519.jpg (50629 bytes)519 DXIX ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  WILCKEANUM RCHB. F. var. RUFUM L. LIND  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
520.jpg (34619 bytes)520 DXX ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. MELEAGRIS L. LIND
521.jpg (37411 bytes)521 DXXI ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. CITRATUM L. LIND.
522.jpg (44769 bytes)522 DXXII ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. ASHWORTHIANUM
523.jpg (39542 bytes)523 DXXIII ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  SPECTABILE L. LIND.
524.jpg (43540 bytes)524 DXXIV ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LINDL. Var. AUGUSTUM L. LIND.
526.jpg (32962 bytes)526 DXXVI DENDROBIUM FORMOSUM ROXB. Var. GIGANTEUM VAN HOUTTE
527.jpg (44293 bytes)527 DXXVII TRICHOPILIA CRISPA LDL. Var. MARGINATA WARNER
528.jpg (36693 bytes)528   DXXVIII CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. Et RCHB F. var. IMPERATOR L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
 

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