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Lindenia - Iconographie des Orchidees  Vol. 4

Fascination with orchids started in Europe around 1818. People became so taken with orchids that they reached a state popularly described as an orchidelirium. The demand for these exotic beauties was so great that orchids became a big business. The wealthy commissioned professional plant explorers (Orchid Hunters) to gather plants from equatorial regions around the world.

Please click on the thumbnail at the bottom of the page to see the original prints which appeared in Volume four of the second series in 1898.


During the second half of the nineteenth century, Belgium became the center of the world for the cultivation of orchids. Jean Linden (1817-1898) was instrumental in the discovery and introduction of many new species. A native of Luxembourg, he moved to Belgium where he imported more than 1,100 different orchids. His explorations included trips to South America, Cuba, Mexico and the United States. With his son Lucien he founded a nursery known as Horticulture Internationale in Brussels. Together they published "Lindenia - Iconographie des Orchidees" an extensive work issued in monthly parts by subscription over a period of 17 years.


Lindenia Iconographie des Orchidées is one of the most important periodic publications on orchids to be published during the nineteenth century, with coloured plates of the highest quality.




Jean Linden was perhaps the greatest of all the late 19th century commercial orchid growers, and, in conjunction with his son Lucien (1853-1940), he was responsible for importing more than 1100 different species to Europe. Born in Luxemburg in 1817, Jean Linden was one of the first students to attend the Faculty of Sciences in the newly established University of Brussels and at the early age of 19 was entrusted with a scientific mission to South America by the Belgian government. This was the start of what was to be a ten-year period when he traveled throughout South and Central America in search of new orchid species. He returned to Europe in October 1845 and initially established himself as a nurseryman in Ghent before moving to Brussels 'where he founded the establishment known as Horticulture Internationale in conjunction with his son Lucien. In this nursery, which became a model for the profession, Linden's knowledge of plants and the localities in which they grew naturally proved invaluable. Direct competition with Messrs. Sander in England kept him alert in the search for new and desirable species, resulting in the exploration of many far-flung regions where orchids might be found.' (Reinikka 'A History of the Orchid', 1995, p. 206). The present work, as the name suggests, is in essence a celebration of his professional life and work and recognizes the enormous influence he had on both the discovery of new species and the breeding of new hybrids.


Each of the orchid species or hybrids are represented by a very high quality full-colour chromolithograph. The plates are printed by some of the best botanical lithographers of the period including Severeyns and de Pannemaeker from the work of Alfred Goosens and other top botanical artists. The present set is volume four of the second series. The periodical was eventually completed in 17 volumes in 1903 with 813 plates over a period of 17 years.


Nissen BBI 2348; Stafleu & Cowan TL2 4628; Timby The Orchid Observed, Stanford, 1982, number 27.

These web images are electronically watermarked, the prints themselves are not.
625625.jpg (48431 bytes) DCXXV LAELIA PRAESTANS RCHB. F. var. CANDIDA L. LIND.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
626626.jpg (54968 bytes) DCXXVI LAELIA PRAESTANS RCHB. F. var. NOBILIS L. LIND.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
627627.jpg (47679 bytes) DCXXVII LAELIA PUMILA RCHB. F. var. AMABILIS L. LIND.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
628628.jpg (73135 bytes) DCXXVIII ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  VIGERIANUM L. LIND.
629629.jpg (57680 bytes) DCXXIX CYPRIPEDIUM  X  NIOBE ROLFE
630630.jpg (82216 bytes) DCXXX ODONTOGLOSSUM  PESCATOREI LIND. Var. ROI LEOPOLD L. LIND.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
631631.jpg (41786 bytes) DCXXVXI CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. Var. SAMYANA L. LIND.
632632.jpg (54504 bytes) DCXXXII LAELIA ANCEPS LINDL. Var. BALLANTINEANA HORT.
633633.jpg (49141 bytes) DCXXXIII ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. RAYON D'OR L. LIND.
634634.jpg (84467 bytes) DCXXXIV ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. LE CZAR L. LIND.
635635.jpg (67195 bytes) DCXXXV MASDEVALLIA CHIMAERA RCHB. F.
636636.jpg (73005 bytes) DCXXXVI ONCIDIUM CRISPUM LODD. Var. GRANDIFLORUM HORT.
637637.jpg (51010 bytes) DCXXXVII CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. Var. VILLEGONTIERIAE L. LIND.
638638.jpg (72269 bytes) DCXXXVIII CYPRIPEDIUM  X  GOWERIANUM
639639.jpg (59221 bytes) DCXXXIX LYCASTE DEPPEI LIND. Var. PRAESTANS L. LIND.
640640.jpg (66576 bytes) DCXL COCHLIODA NOTZLIANA ROLFE var. SUPERBA L. LIND. The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
641641.jpg (44115 bytes) DCXLI ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. LA MERVEILLE L. LIND.
642642.jpg (66143 bytes) DCXLII HABENARIA SUSANNAE R. BR.
643643.jpg (47112 bytes) DCXLIII LAELIA PRAESTANS RCHB. F. var. LUCIANI GRIGN.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
644644.jpg (62892 bytes) DCXLIV CYPRIPEDIUM  X  WIERTZIANUM L. LIND.
645-646645-646.jpg (100855 bytes) DCXLV-DCXLVI DENDROBIUM NOBILE LINDL. VARIETATES
647647.jpg (62880 bytes) DCXLVII CATTLEYA MENDELI LIND. Var. PRINCESSE CLEMENTINE L. LIND.
648648.jpg (75091 bytes) DCXLVIII MILTONIA VEXILLARIA BENTH. Var. MEMORIA LINDENI L. LIND.
649649.jpg (43834 bytes) DCXLIX CATTLEYA LABIATA LINDL. VAR. LILACINA L. LIND.
650650.jpg (66053 bytes) DCL ODONTOGLOSSUM CORADINEI RCHB. F. var. MOORTEBEEKIENSE L. LIND.
651651.jpg (83219 bytes) DCLI ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. TIGRINUM L. LIND.
652652.jpg (50772 bytes) DCLII LAELIA PRAESTANS RCHB. F. var. LEEMANNIAE L. LIND.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
653

653.jpg (47936 bytes)

DCLIII CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. Var. COERULESCENS L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
654654.jpg (75203 bytes) DCLIV ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  SOLEIL DE MUYSEN L. LIND.
655655.jpg (44308 bytes) DCLV LAELIA PRAESTANS RCHB. F. var. ALBA OCULATA L. LIND.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
656656.jpg (67607 bytes) DCLVI CYPRIPEDIUM INSIGNE WALL. Var. NOBILIUS L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
657657.jpg (54486 bytes) DCLVII ZYGOBATEMANIA  X  MASTERSI L. LIND.
658658.jpg (67832 bytes) DCLVIII LAELIOCATTLEYA  X  GOTTOIANA HORT.
659-660659-660.jpg (106901 bytes) DCLIX-DCLX CYPRIPEDIUM VILLOSUM LDL. VARIETATES  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
661661.jpg (48276 bytes) DCLXI CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. Var. LUCIDA L. LIND.

 

662662.jpg (76008 bytes) DCLXII ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. FUNAMBULUM L. LIND.
663663.jpg (55511 bytes) DCLXIII CATTLEYA SCHILLERIANA RCHB. F. var. SUPERBA HORT.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
664664.jpg (56180 bytes) DCLXIV COMPARETTIA MACROPLECTRON RCHB. F. et TR.
665665.jpg (49135 bytes) DCLXV CYPRIPEDIUM BELLATULUM RCHB. F. var. CHOTEKAE L. LIND.
666666.jpg (73431 bytes) DCLXVI ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  WILCKEANUM RCHB. F. var. GINOTIANUM
667667.jpg (54627 bytes) DCLXVII CATTLEYA LODDIGESI LINDL. Var. HARRISONIAE VEITCH
668668.jpg (52799 bytes) DCLXVIII CYPRIPEDIUM  X  HAUMONTI L. LIND.
669669.jpg (49289 bytes) DCLXIX ASPASIA LUNATA LINDL.
670670.jpg (64799 bytes) DCLXX CYPRIPEDIUM PARISHI RCHB. F.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
671671.jpg (97176 bytes) DCLXXI ODONTOGLOSSUM RUCKERIANUM RCHB. F. var. GOURNAYANUM L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
672672.jpg (58092 bytes) DCLXXII ODONTOGLOSSUM SCHLIEPERIANUM RCHB. F. var. XANTHINUM HORT.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
 

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