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Lindenia - Iconographie des Orchidees  Vol. 3

Fascination with orchids started in Europe around 1818. People became so taken with orchids that they reached a state popularly described as an orchidelirium. The demand for these exotic beauties was so great that orchids became a big business. The wealthy commissioned professional plant explorers (Orchid Hunters) to gather plants from equatorial regions around the world.

Please click on the thumbnail at the bottom of the page to see the original prints which appeared in Volume three of the second series in 1897.


During the second half of the nineteenth century, Belgium became the center of the world for the cultivation of orchids. Jean Linden (1817-1898) was instrumental in the discovery and introduction of many new species. A native of Luxembourg, he moved to Belgium where he imported more than 1,100 different orchids. His explorations included trips to South America, Cuba, Mexico and the United States. With his son Lucien he founded a nursery known as Horticulture Internationale in Brussels. Together they published "Lindenia - Iconographie des Orchidees" an extensive work issued in monthly parts by subscription over a period of 17 years.


Lindenia Iconographie des Orchidées is one of the most important periodic publications on orchids to be published during the nineteenth century, with coloured plates of the highest quality.



Jean Linden was perhaps the greatest of all the late 19th century commercial orchid growers, and, in conjunction with his son Lucien (1853-1940), he was responsible for importing more than 1100 different species to Europe. Born in Luxemburg in 1817, Jean Linden was one of the first students to attend the Faculty of Sciences in the newly established University of Brussels and at the early age of 19 was entrusted with a scientific mission to South America by the Belgian government. This was the start of what was to be a ten-year period when he travelled throughout South and Central America in search of new orchid species. He returned to Europe in October 1845 and initially established himself as a nurseryman in Ghent before moving to Brussels 'where he founded the establishment known as Horticulture Internationale in conjunction with his son Lucien. In this nursery, which became a model for the profession, Linden's knowledge of plants and the localities in which they grew naturally proved invaluable. Direct competition with Messrs. Sander in England kept him alert in the search for new and desirable species, resulting in the exploration of many far-flung regions where orchids might be found.' (Reinikka 'A History of the Orchid', 1995, p. 206). The present work, as the name suggests, is in essence a celebration of his professional life and work and recognizes the enormous influence he had on both the discovery of new species and the breeding of new hybrids.


Each of the orchid species or hybrids are represented by a very high quality full-colour chromolithograph. The plates are printed by some of the best botanical lithographers of the period including Severeyns and de Pannemaeker from the work of Alfred Goosens and other top botanical artists. The present set is volume three of the second series. The periodical was eventually completed in 17 volumes in 1903 with 813 plates over a period of 17 years.


Nissen BBI 2348; Stafleu & Cowan TL2 4628; Timby The Orchid Observed, Stanford, 1982, number 27.

These web images are electronically watermarked, the prints themselves are not.
577577.jpg (85884 bytes) DLXXVII ONCIDIUM SARCODES LINDL. Var. PUNCTULATUM L. LIND.
578578.jpg (70201 bytes) DLXXVIII CYMBIDIUM  X  EBURNEO-LOWIANUM HORT.
579-580579-580.jpg (98513 bytes) DLXXIX MILTONIA VEXILLARIA BENTH. VARIETATES
581581.jpg (79494 bytes) DLXXXI ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LINDL. Var. MOORTEBEEKIENSE L. LIND.
582582.jpg (84617 bytes) DLXXXII COELOGYNE ASPERATA LINDL.
583583.jpg (59324 bytes) DLXXXIII CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. VARIETATES
584584.jpg (87267 bytes) DLXXXIV ODONTOGLOSSUM LUTEO-PURPUREUM LINDL. var. CORNUTUM L. LIND.
585585.jpg (54821 bytes) DLXXXV SOBRALIA LINDENI GRIGN.
586586.jpg (84214 bytes) DLXXXVI ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  DEL TECTO L. LIND.
587587.jpg (76680 bytes) DLXXXVII VANDA SUAVIS LINDL. Var. MAGNIFICENS L. LIND.
588588.jpg (74657 bytes) DLXXXVIII MILTONIA VEXILLARIA BENTH. Var. KIRSTEINIAE L. LIND.
589589.jpg (54500 bytes) DLXXXIX CATTLEYA MENDELI HORT. Var. KEGELJANI L. LIND.
590590.jpg (72379 bytes) DXC ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  ADRIANAE L. LIND.
591591.jpg (59025 bytes) DXCI VANDA  X  AMOENA O'BRIEN
592592.jpg (61570 bytes) DXCII LAELIOCATTLEYA  X  HIPPOLYTA HORT.
593593.jpg (63198 bytes) DXCIII

 

CATTLEYA  X  HARDYANA RCHB. F. var. FANYAUIANA  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
594594.jpg (75190 bytes) DXCIV ODONTOGLOSSUM BICTONENSE LINDL.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
595595.jpg (56795 bytes) DXCV CYPRIPEDIUM INSIGNE WALL. Var. JANUS L. LIND.
596596.jpg (58359 bytes) DXCVI CATASETUM  X  SPLENDENS COGN. Var. GRIGNANI L. LIND.
597597.jpg (74312 bytes) DXCVII LAELIOCATTLEYA  X  RIDOLFIANA VALVASS. Var. ARMAIN-VILLIERENSIS HORT.
598-599598-599.jpg (94939 bytes) DXCVIII CATTLEYA AUREA LINDEN VARIETATES
600600.jpg (65014 bytes) DC CYPRIPEDIUM  X  BEECKMANI L. LIND.
601601.jpg (62655 bytes) DCI 

 

CATTLEYA MENDELI HORT. Var.EMPRESS QUEEN L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
602602.jpg (42451 bytes) DCII

 

VANDA  X  MISS JOAQUIM  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
603603.jpg (69434 bytes) DCIII

 

ONCIDIUM BATEMANIANUM KN. Et WESTC.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
604604.jpg (75262 bytes) DCIV

 

ODONTOGLOSSUM THIBAULTIANUM L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
605605.jpg (60233 bytes) DCV

 

SACCOLABIUM GIGANTEUM LINDL. Var. PETOTIANUM RCHB. F.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
606606.jpg (50702 bytes) DCVI

 

CATTLEYA  X  HARDYANA HORT. Var. REGINAE L. LIND.  The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
607607.jpg (66307 bytes) DCVII CYMBIDIUM PENDULUM SW.
608608.jpg (48814 bytes) DCVIII LAELIOCATTLEYA  X  PALLAS HORT. Var. INVERSA MANTIN
609609.jpg (68844 bytes) DCIX ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. LEEMANNI L. LIND.
610610.jpg (62261 bytes) DCX LAELIOCATTLEYA  X  HRUBYANA L. LIND.
611611.jpg (79559 bytes) DCXI CATASETUM  X  SPLENDENS COGN. Var. LANSBERGEANUM L. LIND.
612612.jpg (54931 bytes) DCXII CATTLEYA TRIANAE LIND. VARIETATES
613613.jpg (57732 bytes) DCXIII CYPRIPEDIUM  X  LEBRUNIANUM L. LIND.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
614614.jpg (80113 bytes) DCXIV ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  ADRIANAE var. CRAWSHAYANUM L. LIND.
615615.jpg (58370 bytes) DCXV LAELIOCATTLEYA  X  CHEREMETEFFIAE L. LIND.
616616.jpg (52236 bytes) DCXVI ODONTOGLOSSUM KRAMERI RCHB. F.
617617.jpg (88862 bytes) DCXVII ODONTOGLOSSUM  X  WILCKEANUM RCHB. F. var. LINDENI GRIGN. The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
618618.jpg (58090 bytes) DCXVIII PHAIUS  X  NORMANI O'BR. The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
619619.jpg (60045 bytes) DCXIX ACANTHEPHIPPIUM CURTISI RCHB. F. var. ALBIDUM L. LIND.
620620.jpg (59083 bytes) DCXX CYPRIPEDIUM  X  WINCQZIANUM L. LIND.
621621.jpg (67056 bytes) DCXXI DENDROBIUM TAURINUM LDL.The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
622622.jpg (58936 bytes) DCXXII CIRRHOPETALUM PICTURATUM LODD.
623623.jpg (80146 bytes) DCXXIII CYPRIPEDIUM ROTHSCHILDIANUM RCHB. F. var. PLATYTOENIUM L. LIND   The original has been sold. However a high quality pigmented (Giclée) modern reproduction Fine Art Print is available. Please click here for information.
624624.jpg (61531 bytes) DCXXIV ODONTOGLOSSUM CRISPUM LDL. Var. MOOREANUM L. LIND.

 

 

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